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The governance of Libyan ports: determining a framework for successful devolution.

Ghashat, Hesham (2012) The governance of Libyan ports: determining a framework for successful devolution. PhD thesis, Edinburgh Napier University.

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    Abstract/Description

    Following a period of isolation, and particularly since the lifting of sanctions imposed by
    the United Nations at the beginning of the 1990s in 2003, Libya's economy has witnessed a
    remarkable growth with a corresponding increase in external trade. The country's economic
    policy has changed and become more liberalised; involving a move towards a market
    economy, an increase in the participation of the private sector in all economic activities,
    and diversification of the sources of national income. At the port sector level Libya aims to
    rehabilitate and modernise the container port sector, in order to cope with the technological
    development that has occurred in the global shipping and port industry. The future of the
    sector will also involve moving beyond serving the local trade; there is a desire to convert
    one or more of country's ports into a hub in the Mediterranean region, and as a gateway
    serving the trade oflandlocked countries.
    Many researchers have suggested that to handle changes in the operational environments at
    the ports the structure of the port should be an organic one in order to secure port
    responsiveness. Organic structure can be achieved via implementation of a devolution
    policy, and over the past two decades, devolution of port governance has proved to be one
    way of enhancing the efficiency of ports and of handling port authorities/governments
    strategy shifts. Furthermore; thus far changes in governance structure, via the
    implementation of devolution policy, have assisted in resolving port problems, which
    include physical, management and administration. This research contributes significantly to
    the literature in the field of ports' studies; offering the policy makers of Libya with a guide
    for the best way to govern the port sector in Libya and outlining the steps that need to be
    followed to achieve this.
    To achieve this, the thesis reviews the policy of port devolution, and the current situation within Libya's port industry in detail; discussing the challenges' facing the Libyan port
    sector (container and general cargo ports). Empirically, the necessity for the devolution of
    Libya's ports is examined with a matching framework analysis and this is further
    demonstrated via a stakeholders' attitudinal survey, including suggestions for the best
    future governance structure and the expected impact of adopting a devolution policy. The
    findings are validated using a Delphi survey; the technique was utilised to deduce the
    critical determinants for the successful implementation of a port devolution policy in Libya.
    The findings reveal that in order to help the sector to survive in the existing competitive
    environment, the technical performance of Libya's ports needs to be improved. A
    fundamental change to the governance structure of the sector is perceived as a top priority
    for enhancing its performance; the results confirm that the allocation of responsibility for
    port functions does not fall neatly into the categories proposed in the widely-accepted port
    privatisation matrix, and is instead subject to different factors, e.g. the country's financial
    capabilities. A further contribution is that stakeholder interests were used as a basis for
    measuring the performance of the new governance structure.
    The analysis indicates that changes in port governance structure are widely expected to have a positive impact, leading to benefits for the majority of port stakeholders. However,
    the success of the devolution policy was found to be determined by factors beyond the
    selection of an appropriate governance structure and stakeholder satisfaction; some of the
    success factors identified relate to the institutional environment of the port sector. By
    combining the findings of the primary surveys with the literature, a systematic integrated
    vision for the success of port devolution in Libya is proposed.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Libya; shipping; container ports; port governance; port devolution;
    University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Creative Industries > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
    Dewey Decimal Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation > 387 Water, air & space transportation
    Library of Congress Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
    Item ID: 5729
    Depositing User: Mrs Lyn Gibson
    Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2012 16:07
    Last Modified: 08 Nov 2012 16:07
    URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/5729

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