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Phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is essential for interleukin-8 release from intestinal epithelial cells in response to challenge with Escherichia coli O157 :H7 flagellin.

Fraser-Pitt, Douglas J, Cameron, Pamela, McNeilly, Tom N, Boyd, Amanda, Manson, Erin D T and Smith, David G E (2011) Phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is essential for interleukin-8 release from intestinal epithelial cells in response to challenge with Escherichia coli O157 :H7 flagellin. Microbiology, 157 (8). pp. 2339-2347. ISSN 1350-0872

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Abstract/Description

Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 is a major food-borne and environmental pathogen responsible for both sporadic cases and outbreaks of food poisoning which can lead to serious sequelae, such as haemolytic uraemic syndrome. The structural subunit of E. coli O157:H7 flagella is flagellin, which is both the antigenic determinant of the H7 serotype, an important factor in colonisation, and an immunomodulatory protein determined to be a major pro-inflammatory component through the instigation of host cell signalling pathways. Flagellin has highly conserved N and C-terminal regions that are recognised by the host cell pattern recognition receptor, toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5). Activation of this receptor triggers cell signalling cascades, which are known to activate host cell kinases and transcription factors that respond with the production of inflammatory mediators such as the chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8), although the exact components of this pathway are not yet fully characterised. We demonstrate that E. coli O157:H7-derived flagellin induces rapid phosphorylation of the EGFR, as an early event in intestinal epithelial cell signalling, and that this is required for the release of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-8.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 1350-0872
Electronic ISSN: 1465-2080
Uncontrolled Keywords: EHEC; E. coli O157:H7; flagellin; EGFR; TLR5; IL-8;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life, Sport and Social Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology > 572 Biochemistry
Library of Congress Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Item ID: 5481
Depositing User: Dr Douglas Fraser-Pitt
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2012 15:37
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2012 10:42
URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/5481

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