Wind resource assessment: statistical and computational fluid-dynamic analysis.

Irshad, Wahid (2012) Wind resource assessment: statistical and computational fluid-dynamic analysis. PhD thesis, Edinburgh Napier University.

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Wind is an important source of renewable energy and is widely available, despite the changing condition. In recent years a growing number of manufacturers have produced small wind turbines suitable for utilisation by individual householders or small businesses. These systems are designed to install in towns or cities. This raises the question about the potential of wind energy resource in build-up areas. This thesis sets to investigate the wind energy resource implication in the build-up areas by understanding the wind climatology of urban areas. As well as the overall mean wind speed, knowledge of the wind speed distribution (due to the non-linear relationship between wind speed and wind power) and the wind-direction distribution for optimum turbine siting is required. Other areas that have been considered are short-duration fluctuations in both speed and direction as these can affect the efficiency of the turbine.
The aims of this research are to study the local wind conditions and estimate the available wind resource for the wind-energy driven generation of electricity in Edinburgh by taking into account of its climate, wind data and topographical effects. To achieve these aims eleven years of Met office data was investigated in addition to analysis of the data collected from locally installed weather station. Diurnal effect on wind condition was studied and found to be more pronounced in Edinburgh’s rural area than its urban conurbation. It was also found that the available wind energy in the urban area is 30% less than that of the rural area. Turbulence in wind speed and direction of flow was also investigated. Careful consideration of all the parameters defining and affecting the prevailing wind revealed the wind resource in Edinburgh’s urban area to be insufficient for viable generation of wind energy through the available technology of micro WEC (wind energy converter) systems.
A CFD analysis was also performed to determine wind resource differences because of different mounting locations of wind equipment over the building under consideration. As a part of the project, a commercially available wind turbine was installed and monitored to investigate its performance in urban area. The research study finally suggests that the available grid connected micro WEC system cannot provide a cost effective contribution to urban Edinburgh’s renewable energy generation.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Renewable energy; wind; turbines; climatology; urban environment; wind energy converter systems;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Creative Industries > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
600 Technology > 620 Engineering > 621 Electronic & mechanical engineering
Library of Congress Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Item ID: 5329
Depositing User: Users 775 not found.
Date Deposited: 25 May 2012 14:13
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2013 14:16

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