INSPIRING FUTURES

Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at sprint pace

McCabe, Carla, Psycharakis, Stelios and Sanders, Ross (2011) Kinematic differences between front crawl sprint and distance swimmers at sprint pace. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 (2). pp. 115-123. ISSN 0264-0414

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract/Description

The purpose of this study was to use three-dimensional methods to determine whether there are distinct kinematic differences between sprint and distance front crawl swimmers when swimming at a sprint pace. Seven sprint and eight distance specialists performed four 25-m sprints through a 6.75-m3 calibrated space recorded by six gen-locked cameras. The variables of interest were: average swim velocity, stroke length, stroke frequency, upper limb and foot displacement, elbow angle, shoulder and hip roll angles, duration of stroke phases, and the time corresponding to particular events within the stroke cycle relative to hand entry. Differences between sprint and distance swimmers were assessed with an independent t-test for each variable, in addition to effect size calculations. Differences between sprint and distance front crawl swimmers were generally small and not significant when swimming at a sprint pace. Differences were limited to temporal aspects of the stroke cycle. These findings suggest that coaches should not train sprint and distance specialists differently in terms of technique development.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0264-0414
Electronic ISSN: 1466-447X
Uncontrolled Keywords: Swimming technique; sprint swimming; distance swimming;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life, Sport and Social Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 700 Arts & recreation > 790 Sports, games & entertainment > 797 Aquatic & air sports
Library of Congress Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Item ID: 5269
Depositing User: Dr. Stelios Psycharakis
Date Deposited: 11 May 2012 14:50
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 15:01
URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/5269

Actions (login required)

View Item

Edinburgh Napier University is a registered Scottish charity. Registration number SC018373