Barlow, Peter G, Svoboda, Pavel, Mackellar, Annie, Nash, Anthony A, York, Ian A, Pohl, Jan, Davidson, Donald J and Donis, Ruben O (2011) Antiviral activity and increased host defense against influenza infection elicited by the human cathelicidin LL-37. PLoS ONE , 6 (10).
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The extensive world-wide morbidity and mortality caused by influenza A viruses highlights the need for new insights into the host immune response and novel treatment approaches. Cationic Host Defense Peptides (CHDP, also known as antimicrobial peptides), which include cathelicidins and defensins, are key components of the innate immune system that are upregulated during infection and inflammation. Cathelicidins have immunomodulatory and anti-viral effects, but their impact on influenza virus infection has not been previously assessed. We therefore evaluated the effect of cathelicidin peptides on disease caused by influenza A virus in mice. The human cathelicidin, LL-37, and the murine cathelicidin, mCRAMP, demonstrated significant anti-viral activity in vivo, reducing disease severity and viral replication in infected mice to a similar extent as the well-characterized influenza virus-specific antiviral drug zanamivir. In vitro and in vivo experiments suggested that the peptides may act directly on the influenza virion rather than via receptor-based mechanisms. Influenza virus-infected mice treated with LL-37 had lower concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the lung than did infected animals that had not been treated with cathelicidin peptides. These data suggest that treatment of influenza-infected individuals with cathelicidin-derived therapeutics, or modulation of endogenous cathelicidin production may provide significant protection against disease.
|Additional Information:||Part of this work was funded by the Norman Salvesen Emphysema Research Trust.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||influenza A; Cationic Host Defense Peptides; antimicrobial peptides; immune system; anti-viral activity;|
|University Divisions/Research Centres:||Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Health and Social Sciences|
|Dewey Decimal Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health > 616 Diseases > 616.2 Respiratory diseases|
|Library of Congress Subjects:||R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology|
|Depositing User:||Mrs Lyn Gibson|
|Date Deposited:||27 Mar 2012 11:45|
|Last Modified:||29 Nov 2012 11:50|
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