Introduction to the stroke series.

Rowat, Anne M (2011) Introduction to the stroke series. Nursing Standard, 26 (2). pp. 35-36. ISSN 0029-6570

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THIS ARTICLE is an introduction to a series of
articles outlining the priorities of stroke care.
The aim of these articles is to raise nurses’
awareness of caring for stroke patients with
complex problems in a range of care
environments, to enhance knowledge and
improve understanding of stroke. The focus is on
evidence-based practice and the application of
stroke competencies and national guidelines to
help readers in their future clinical practice.
Stroke is a clinical syndrome characterised
by the rapid onset of focal cerebral deficits of
vascular origin that last more than 24 hours or
result in death. Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)
refers to symptoms that last less than 24 hours
(Hatano 1976). A stroke occurs when blood flow
to part of the brain is interrupted, causing damage
to the brain tissue. The two main types of stroke
are ischaemic and haemorrhagic: ischaemic
stroke is caused by blood clots blocking arteries in
the neck or brain and accounts for 80% of stroke
cases; haemorrhagic stroke results from arterial
bleeding into (intracerebral) or around
(subarachnoid) the brain and accounts for 20%
of stroke cases (Feigin et al 2003).
The degree and type of disability that follows
a stroke depends on which artery is affected and
which areas of the brain are damaged. Patients
may experience: paralysis or problems controlling
movement (particularly on one side of the body);
sensory disturbances, including pain; problems
using or understanding language; swallowing or
visual problems; incontinence; loss of balance or
co-ordination; problems with thinking, memory
and reasoning; cognitive and emotional
disturbances; and loss of consciousness.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0029-6570
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stroke; stroke care; ischaemic stroke; haemorrhagic stroke;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Care
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health > 616 Diseases > 616.8 Nervous & mental disorders > 616.81 Stroke
Library of Congress Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Item ID: 5081
Depositing User: Mrs Lyn Gibson
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2012 16:24
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2012 16:24

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