Visual gaze behaviour of children and adult pedestrians at a signalized road crossings.

Egan, Christopher D, Willis, Alexandra, Ness, Hayley and Stradling, Stephen G (2008) Visual gaze behaviour of children and adult pedestrians at a signalized road crossings. Perception: ECVP abstract supplement, 37. p. 149. ISSN 0301-0066

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Underdeveloped visual search strategies may be a contributing factor to children's involvement in pedestrian accidents. Although laboratory-based research suggests that the ability to detect targets in a cluttered scene may be less efficient in children compared with adults (Trick et al, 2003 Memory & Cognition 31 1229 - 1237), no study to date has examined this using a real-world, roadside setting. The present study compared the visual gaze behaviour of 8-year-old children (N=5) and adults (N=6) during a real-world, road-crossing task, using an eye-tracker. Participants were asked to cross the road when they felt it was safe. Gaze fixation was analysed using frame-by-frame coding. In the 3 s prior to crossing, children fixated 8% of the time on traffic signs and signals, adults 30%. Children fixated more on traffic-irrelevant features such as buildings and trees than the adults. The children's attention to irrelevant features at the roadside concurs with previous laboratory-based studies and is a likely contributing factor to their involvement in pedestrian accidents.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0301-0066
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pedestrian accidents; visual gaze; child development;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Health and Social Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation > 388 Transportation; ground transportation
Library of Congress Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Item ID: 4890
Depositing User: Mrs Lyn Gibson
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2012 15:50
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2012 12:43

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