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Neuropsychological functioning, illness perception, mood and quality of life in chronic fatigue syndrome,autoimmune thyroid disease and healthy participants.

Dickson, Adele, Toft, A and O'Carroll, Ronan E (2009) Neuropsychological functioning, illness perception, mood and quality of life in chronic fatigue syndrome,autoimmune thyroid disease and healthy participants. Psychological Medicine, 39 (9). pp. 1567-1576. ISSN 0033-2917

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Abstract/Description

BACKGROUND: This study attempted to longitudinally investigate neuropsychological function, illness representations, self-esteem, mood and quality of life (QoL) in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and compared them with both healthy participants and a clinical comparison group of individuals with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD).

METHOD: Neuropsychological evaluation was administered at two time points, five weeks apart. Twenty-one individuals with CFS, 20 individuals with AITD and 21 healthy participants were matched for age, pre-morbid intelligence, education level and socio-economic status (SES). All groups also completed measures of illness perceptions, mood, self-esteem and QoL at both time points.

RESULTS: The CFS group showed significantly greater impairment on measures of immediate and delayed memory, attention and visuo-constructional ability, and reported significantly higher levels of anxiety and depression. After controlling for the effects of mood, the CFS group still demonstrated significant impairment in attention. The CFS group also reported significantly lower self-reported QoL than the AITD and healthy participants. In terms of illness perceptions, the AITD group believed that their condition would last longer, that they had more treatment control over their condition, and reported less concern than the CFS group.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the primary cognitive impairment in CFS is attention and that this is not secondary to affective status. The lower treatment control perceptions and greater illness concerns that CFS patients report may be causally related to their affective status.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0033-2917
Electronic ISSN: 1469-8978
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attention; cognitive impairment; depression; illness perception; memory; quality of life;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Edinburgh Napier University, Institute for Science and Health Innovation
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health > 612 Human physiology
Library of Congress Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Item ID: 4881
Depositing User: Mrs Lyn Gibson
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2012 10:16
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2013 11:40
URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/4881

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