Copus, Andrew K, Johansson, Mats and McQuaid, Ronald W (2007) One size fits all? - Implications for rural development policy of macro-scale patterns of regional differentiation. Eurochoices , 6 (3). pp. 13-21.
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Since enlargement the European Union has become more diverse in many socio-economic, demographic and agricultural respects. A recent research project sponsored by DG Agriculture (SERA – Study on Employment in Rural Areas) carried out a review of a broad range of regional statistics relating to rural labour markets. The results were presented within
the framework of the OECD rural–urban classifi cation. A broad overview of the fi ndings confi rms the importance of two widely acknowledged processes of change, urbanisation and counter-urbanisation.
Overlaying these urban-based centripetal and centrifugal processes both east–west and north–south differentiation affects particular socio-economic aspects. The net result of this complex combination of (macro-scale) processes is a tendency for accumulation of human capital in accessible signifi cantly rural (SR) regions and a depletion of the remoter, sparsely populated predominantly rural (PR)
regions. The emphasis upon macro-scale patterns and trends complements the recent preoccupation of much rural development research upon localised ‘soft factors’. There is arguably scope for both in the design of rural policy. Broad spatial processes should
influence resource allocation, whilst localised advantages, such as strong human and social capital, good governance, networking, clusters and networks, entrepreneurial culture, and so on, can form the basis of strategies for intervention.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Rural policy; rural labour markets; European Union; urbanisation; human capital; macro-scale patterns;|
|University Divisions/Research Centres:||Edinburgh Napier University, Employment Research Institute|
|Dewey Decimal Subjects:||300 Social sciences > 330 Economics > 331 Labor economics|
|Library of Congress Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor|
|Depositing User:||Mrs Lyn Gibson|
|Date Deposited:||05 May 2011 14:24|
|Last Modified:||14 Mar 2013 12:22|
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