Body roll in swimming: a review

Psycharakis, Stelios and Sanders, Ross (2010) Body roll in swimming: a review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28 (3). pp. 219-236. ISSN 0264-0414

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In this article, we present a critical review of the swimming literature on body roll, for the purposes of summarizing and
highlighting existing knowledge, identifying the gaps and limitations, and stimulating further research. The main research findings can be summarized as follows: swimmers roll their shoulders significantly more than their hips; swimmers increase hip roll but maintain shoulder roll when fatigued; faster swimmers roll their shoulders less than slower swimmers during a 200-m swim; roll asymmetries, temporal differences in shoulder roll and hip roll, and shoulder roll side dominance exist in front crawl swimming, but there is no evidence to suggest that they affect swimming performance; and buoyancy contributes strongly to generating body roll in front crawl swimming. Based on and stimulated by current knowledge, future research should focus on the following areas: calculation of body roll for female swimmers and for backstroke swimming; differences in body roll between breathing and non-breathing cycles; causes of body roll asymmetries and their relation to motor laterality; body roll analysis across a wide range of velocities and swimming distances; exploration of the association between
body roll and the magnitude and direction of propulsive/resistive forces developed during the stroke cycle; and the influence of kicking actions on the generation of body roll.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0264-0414
Electronic ISSN: 1466-447X
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomechanics; shoulder roll; hip roll; front crawl;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 700 Arts & recreation > 790 Sports, games & entertainment > 797 Aquatic & air sports
Library of Congress Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Item ID: 3747
Depositing User: Dr. Stelios Psycharakis
Date Deposited: 26 May 2010 08:35
Last Modified: 26 May 2010 08:35

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