Combe, Colin (2008) Monitoring the conformance of planning decisions to urban land use policies using Information Extraction and GeoVisualisation. PhD thesis, Napier University.
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In this thesis two existing computer science techniques are used to solve a specific problem in the field of ‘spatial planning’. The problem to be addressed is monitoring the conformance of planning decisions to urban land use policies. ‘Monitoring conformance’ refers to adherence to development plans and must be distinguished from monitoring performance, which looks at whether or not the plan met its objectives. The two computing techniques applied to the problem are Information Extraction (IE) and GeoVisualisation (GV).
IE is an approach to the automated processing of text. This thesis demonstrates that the restricted subset of language used in the short texts present in planning applications makes them ideally suited to IE methods.
GV is an approach to the interactive analysis of geographical data. Its use was motivated by two factors. Firstly, it is necessary to avoid the assumption of a simple relationship between policy and implementation – many different policies may apply to a particular decision. These may be weighted differently and are open to interpretation. Hence, statistical conclusions, such as ‘there is 80% conformance to policy’, are never drawn. Instead the visualisation leaves the interpretation of the results open to the user. It is through the details-on-demand functionality of visualisation tools that this link to the user’s own background knowledge is made. Secondly, the prototype user interface developed exemplifies the use of GV to explore geo-temporal patterns in the data. This was motivated by the knowledge that policies change over time.
Evaluation work is conducted which shows that policy-makers can see reflections of the conformance of decision making to urban land use policies in the GV tool. The computational techniques used have been brought together and applied to the domain in a novel way, which assists in addressing the problem identified. A number of more theoretical questions are also considered along the way.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Computing; Information extraction; GeoVisualisation; Land use policy; Urban land development; Monitoring conformance;|
|University Divisions/Research Centres:||Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Creative Industries > School of Computing|
|Dewey Decimal Subjects:||000 Computer science, information & general works > 000 Computer science, knowledge & systems > 006 Special Computer Methods|
000 Computer science, information & general works > 000 Computer science, knowledge & systems > 004 Data processing & computer science
700 Arts & recreation > 710 Landscaping & area planning > 711 Area planning
|Library of Congress Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor|
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
|Depositing User:||Dr. David A. Cumming|
|Date Deposited:||12 Dec 2008 11:15|
|Last Modified:||12 Jan 2011 04:49|
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