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Four heads are better than one: combining face composites yields improvements in face likeness.

Bruce, Vicki, Ness, Hayley, Hancock, Peter J B, Newman, C and Rarity, Jenny (2002) Four heads are better than one: combining face composites yields improvements in face likeness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87 (5). pp. 894-902. ISSN 0021 9010

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Abstract/Description

Four participants constructed face composites, of familiar and unfamiliar targets, using Pro-Fit, with reference images present or from memory. The "mean" of all 4 composites, created by morphing (4-morph) was rated as a better likeness than individual composites on average and was as good as the best individual likeness. When participants attempted to identify targets from line-ups, 4-morphs again performed as well as the best individual composite. In a second experiment, participants familiar with target women attempted to identify composites, and the trend showed better recognition from multiple composites, whether combined or shown together. In a line-up task with unfamiliar participants, 4-morphs produced most correct choices and fewest false positives from target-absent or target-present arrays. These results have practical implications for the way evidence from different witnesses is used in police investigations.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0021 9010
Electronic ISSN: 1939-1854
Uncontrolled Keywords: PRO-fit; face composites; 4-morph; line-ups; facial recognition;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Health and Social Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology > 152 Perception, movement, emotions & drives
Library of Congress Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Item ID: 2255
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2008 11:07
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2013 10:43
URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/2255

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