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Predicting treatment outcome on three measures for post-traumatic stress disorder.

Karatzias, Thanos, Power, Kevin, McGoldrick, Theresa, Brown, Keith, Buchanan, Robin, Sharp, Donald and Swanson, Vivien (2007) Predicting treatment outcome on three measures for post-traumatic stress disorder. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 257 (1). pp. 40-46. ISSN 1433 8491

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    Abstract/Description

    The aim of the present study was to investigate predictors of treatment outcome for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after treatment completion and at 15-months follow-up (n = 48), in a trial of Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) versus Imaginal Exposure and Cognitive Restructuring (E+CR). Factors associated with treatment outcome were investigated using regression analyses with the mean change scores in three assessor and self-rated PTSD symptomatology measures, including the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS), the Impact of Events Scale (IES) and the PTSD Symptom Checklist (PCL) from pre- to post-treatment and pre-treatment to follow-up as the dependent variables and demographics, trauma, clinical and personality measures as independent variables. Irrespective to outcome measures and assessment points it was found that four variables were able to predict significantly treatment outcome. These included baseline PTSD symptomatology, number of sessions, gender and therapy type. Overall, our results showed that it is difficult to use pre-treatment variables as a powerful and reliable tool for predicting treatment

    Item Type: Article
    Print ISSN: 1433 8491
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Post-traumatic stress disorder; Therapy; Treatment outcome; Eye-movement desensitisation; Regression analysis;
    University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Care
    Dewey Decimal Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology > 152 Perception, movement, emotions & drives
    600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health > 610 Medicine & health
    600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health > 616 Diseases > 616.8 Nervous & mental disorders
    Library of Congress Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
    B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Item ID: 2247
    Depositing User: RAE Import
    Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2008 15:37
    Last Modified: 19 Feb 2013 13:37
    URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/2247

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