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Mining, migration and mobility: towards an understanding of the relationship between migration and occupation in the context of the UK mining industry.

Hollywood, Emma (2002) Mining, migration and mobility: towards an understanding of the relationship between migration and occupation in the context of the UK mining industry. International Journal of Population Geography, 8 (4). pp. 297-314. ISSN 1077-3495

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Abstract/Description

The large-scale decline of the UK mining industry in recent years has led to significant job losses, unemployment and inactivity throughout the coalfields. This paper aims to examine the role of migration as a response to these closures during the last 30 years. In neo-classical economic theory, migration is traditionally seen as an equilibrating force in areas of labour-market imbalance. However, this paper argues that migration is more closely associated with occupation than with imbalances in the demand and supply of labour, with professional workers displaying far higher rates of migration than manual workers. While migration is often seen as an integral part of many professional careers, by contrast it has little to do with the nature of manual occupations. Consequently, it is argued that the labour-market problems faced by manual workers, such as miners, are unlikely to be alleviated by labour migration. In order to illustrate these arguments, the paper uses data from the Sample of Anonymised Records and the ONS Longitudinal Study. The migration rates of miners are compared with other occupational groups; migration rates over time are considered; and transitions in employment are examined.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 1077-3495
Electronic ISSN: 1099-1220
Uncontrolled Keywords: labour migration; immobility; mining industry; longitudinal study; Sample of Anonymised Records;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Edinburgh Napier University, Employment Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences > 330 Economics > 331 Labor economics
Library of Congress Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Item ID: 2147
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 12 May 2008 11:25
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2013 11:49
URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/2147

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