Stochastic social optimum traffic assignment.

Maher, Mike, Stewart, Kathryn and Rosa, Andrea (2005) Stochastic social optimum traffic assignment. Transportation Research Part B Methodological, 39 (8). pp. 753-767. ISSN 0191 2615

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    This paper formulates a Stochastic Social Optimum (SSO) that relates to the Stochastic User Equilibrium (SUE) in the same way as the Social Optimum (SO) relates to the User Equilibrium (UE) in a deterministic environment. At the SSO solution, the total of the users’ perceived costs is minimised. The formulation and analysis is carried out in a general utility-maximising framework, with the probit and logit models being special cases. Conditions for the SSO flow pattern are derived, from which it can be seen that the marginal social costs play the same role in the SSO as the standard costs play in SUE. In particular, it is shown that the SSO solution can be obtained through the use of an algorithm for SUE, but with the marginal costs replacing the standard costs in the stochastic loading and that optimal tolls are the differences between the marginal social costs and the standard costs. For the case of the logit model an explicit path-based objective function is obtained which is of a pleasing symmetrical form when compared with the objective functions for SUE, SO and UE. Additionally, a link-based objective function for the general utility-maximising case is formulated for SSO, which is similar in form to the SUE objective function of Sheffi and Powell.

    Item Type: Article
    Print ISSN: 0191 2615
    Electronic ISSN: 1879-2367
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Traffic assignment; Stochastic user equilibrium; Probit model; Logit model; Optimal tolls; Marginal social costs
    University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Creative Industries > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
    Dewey Decimal Subjects: 500 Science > 510 Mathematics > 510 Mathematics
    300 Social sciences > 330 Economics > 330 Economics
    300 Social sciences > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation > 388 Transportation; ground transportation
    Library of Congress Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
    H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
    Item ID: 1924
    Depositing User: RAE Import
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2008 09:44
    Last Modified: 14 May 2015 11:03

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