Human movement behaviour in urban spaces: Implications for the design and modelling of effective pedestrian environments.

Willis, Alexandra, Gjersoe, N, Havard, Catriona, Kerridge, Jon and Kukla, Robert (2004) Human movement behaviour in urban spaces: Implications for the design and modelling of effective pedestrian environments. Environment and Planning B Planning and Design, 31 (6). pp. 805-828. ISSN 1472 3417

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Despite a burgeoning research effort directed at the design and modelling of effective urban spaces for pedestrians, remarkably little is known about how pedestrians actually negotiate urban spaces. This paper reports the results of a video-based observational study aimed at exploring: (1) individuals' movement preferences within uncluttered environments, in particular: (a) desired walking speed, (b) microscopic position preferences, and (c) interpersonal distances between companions while walking; and (2) the ways in which these variables might be influenced by the various personal, situational, and environmental factors that characterise the context in which pedestrians move. The microscopic movement trajectories of 2613 participants were investigated in a covert, video-based observational study of three mixed-use (residential/retail) urban environments close to the city centres of Edinburgh and York, United Kingdom. Age, gender, level of mobility, group size, time of day, and location were found to have significant effects on movement preferences across the range of locations studied. We concluded that a number of influential factors affect how humans negotiate urban spaces, and suggested how these factors may be taken into account in attempts to design and model effective urban spaces for pedestrians.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 1472 3417
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pedestrian behaviour; Movement patterns; Walking speed; Position preference; Personal space; Environmental influences; Video observations; Patterns; Urban planning;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Creative Industries > School of Computing
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 000 Computer science, information & general works > 000 Computer science, knowledge & systems > 006 Special Computer Methods
300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 304 Factors affecting social behavior
300 Social sciences > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation > 388 Transportation; ground transportation
Library of Congress Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Item ID: 1882
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2008 16:29
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2013 15:44

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