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Analysis of an agent-based metric-driven for ad-hoc, on-demand routing.

Buchanan, William J, Migas, Nikos, Sinclair, Grant and McArtney, Kevin (2004) Analysis of an agent-based metric-driven for ad-hoc, on-demand routing. Ad Hoc Networks, 4 (2). pp. 146-167. ISSN 1570 8705

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Abstract/Description

Ad-hoc networks could bring many benefits over traditional, fixed networks. Unfortunately, they have many difficulties, including the selection of the optimal route, the availability of routes as mobile nodes move around the physical space, and problems related to the routing capabilities of mobile devices. This paper outlines an agent-based method which allows tests to be run on nodes within an ad-hoc network, which determines their fitness to route data. These tests are related to important routing parameters, such as data processing performance, memory buffering capabilities, system utilisation, network performance, and so on. A key element is the usage of the battery on mobile networks, and the performance of an ad-hoc network can be affected by mobile nodes leaving the network due to lack of battery power. The paper outlines the tests that could be used on devices, and presents results which can be used to assess the fitness of a device to route data through an ad-hoc network. The overall architecture uses a three-layered model where static agents gather the fitness information, which is then passed to domain agents, which are either static or mobile agents, who are then responsible for collecting the information for inter-domain routing agents, who are responsible for electing gateway agents. A key factor in the determination of routing metrics is the performance of the device, where a device could be used to route certain types of data, based on their routing performance. The results show practical results on how well a range of devices respond to important tests, such as memory buffering capabilities, network performance and battery usage. This is especially important when limited-power devices, such as PDAs, are used in the ad-hoc network. The results also show, clearly, how a typical iPAQ PDA copes with these tests, against high-powered PCs. An important result is in battery usage which shows that it varies with the type of processing and network activities that is being performed on the device. From these results reliable models could be built which predicts battery usage for differing types of activities, especially in routing data.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 1570 8705
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ad-hoc networks; Routing; Metrics; PDA;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Creative Industries > School of Computing
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation > 384 Communications; telecommunication
600 Technology > 620 Engineering > 621 Electronic & mechanical engineering
000 Computer science, information & general works > 000 Computer science, knowledge & systems > 005 Computer programming, programs & data
Library of Congress Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Item ID: 1765
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 26 May 2008 12:09
Last Modified: 10 May 2013 15:43
URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/1765

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