Cellular responses of developing Fucus serratus embryos exposed to elevated concentrations of Cu2+.

Nielsen, Hanne Dalsgaard, Brown, Murray T and Brownlee, Colin (2003) Cellular responses of developing Fucus serratus embryos exposed to elevated concentrations of Cu2+. Plant Cell and Environment, 26 (10). pp. 1737-1747. ISSN 0140-7791

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Elevated concentrations of Cu2+ can have inhibitory effects on early development in plants and algae by targeting specific cellular processes. In the present study the effects of elevated Cu2+ on developmental processes in embryos of the brown algae Fucus serratus (Phaeophyceae) were investigated. Elevated Cu2+ was shown to inhibit fixation of the zygotic polar axis but not its formation. Actin localization was unaffected by elevated Cu2+ but polarized secretion, which occurs downstream, was inhibited. Significant differences in tolerance to Cu2+ were observed for polarization and rhizoid elongation of embryos derived from adults from Cu2+-contaminated and uncontaminated locations. Moderate Cu2+ exposure inhibited the generation of cytosolic Ca2+ signals in response to hypo-osmotic shocks. In contrast, cytosolic Ca2+ was elevated by treatments with high [Cu2+] and this coincided with production of reactive oxygen species. The results indicate that direct effects on signalling processes involved in polarization and growth may in part explain complex, concentration-dependent effects of Cu2+ on early development.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0140-7791
Electronic ISSN: 1365-3040
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fucus; Developmental inhibition; Cell polarity; Copper; Signalling; Stress response; Toxicity mechanism; Zygote;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology > 572 Biochemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology > 578 Natural history of organisms
Library of Congress Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Item ID: 1738
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2008 09:00
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2013 13:22

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