The sustainability of whale-watching in Scotland.

Woods-Ballard, A J, Parsons, E C M, Hughes, A J, Velander, Kathy, Ladle, R J and Warburton, C A (2003) The sustainability of whale-watching in Scotland. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11 (1). pp. 40-55. ISSN 0966-9582

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Scotland's tourism trade grosses £2.5 billion annually and supports 180,000 jobs; whale-watching is an important part of this activity. Whales and dolphins are the country's number one wildlife attraction and with 11,770 km of coastline the potential for the Scottish industry is huge. In rural areas it can provide as much as 12% of local income. During the tourist season of 2000, questionnaires and telephone interviews were used to investigate the sustainability of Scottish whale-watching. 48 operators cooperated providing economic and environmental information. Most operators were found to be local people (72.4%), supporting five or less full-time equivalent jobs (86.4%). Over half of those questioned (63.2%) had alternative incomes and no formal training in wildlife tourism or business management (70.8%); 89.5% of respondents stated that they follow a code of conduct. The East Coast and Western Isles show the best-perceived trends in tourist numbers. Whale-watching in Scotland is shown to have potential for growth but a need to be regulated and managed from within the industry to ensure environmental and economic sustainability into the future.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0966-9582
Electronic ISSN: 1747-7646
Uncontrolled Keywords: Whale watching; Scotland; Tourism; Wildlife attraction; Code of practice; Regulation; Management;
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology > 577 Ecology > 577.7 Marine ecology
300 Social sciences > 330 Economics > 338 Production
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology) > 599 Mammals > 599.5 Cetacea & Sirenia
Library of Congress Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history
Item ID: 1715
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2008 15:55
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2013 15:22

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