The sustainability of whale-watching in Scotland.

Woods-Ballard, A J, Parsons, E C M, Hughes, A J, Velander, Kathy, Ladle, R J and Warburton, C A (2003) The sustainability of whale-watching in Scotland. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11 (1). pp. 40-55. ISSN 0966-9582

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (523kB) | Request a copy


    Scotland's tourism trade grosses £2.5 billion annually and supports 180,000 jobs; whale-watching is an important part of this activity. Whales and dolphins are the country's number one wildlife attraction and with 11,770 km of coastline the potential for the Scottish industry is huge. In rural areas it can provide as much as 12% of local income. During the tourist season of 2000, questionnaires and telephone interviews were used to investigate the sustainability of Scottish whale-watching. 48 operators cooperated providing economic and environmental information. Most operators were found to be local people (72.4%), supporting five or less full-time equivalent jobs (86.4%). Over half of those questioned (63.2%) had alternative incomes and no formal training in wildlife tourism or business management (70.8%); 89.5% of respondents stated that they follow a code of conduct. The East Coast and Western Isles show the best-perceived trends in tourist numbers. Whale-watching in Scotland is shown to have potential for growth but a need to be regulated and managed from within the industry to ensure environmental and economic sustainability into the future.

    Item Type: Article
    Print ISSN: 0966-9582
    Electronic ISSN: 1747-7646
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Whale watching; Scotland; Tourism; Wildlife attraction; Code of practice; Regulation; Management;
    University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life Sciences
    Dewey Decimal Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology > 577 Ecology > 577.7 Marine ecology
    300 Social sciences > 330 Economics > 338 Production
    500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology) > 599 Mammals > 599.5 Cetacea & Sirenia
    Library of Congress Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
    Q Science > QH Natural history
    Item ID: 1715
    Depositing User: RAE Import
    Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2008 16:55
    Last Modified: 13 Jun 2013 16:22

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Document Downloads

    More statistics for this item...

    Edinburgh Napier University is a registered Scottish charity. Registration number SC018373