Changes in sediment processes across the western Irish Sea front.

Gowen, Richard J, Stewart, B M and Trimmer, M (2003) Changes in sediment processes across the western Irish Sea front. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 56 (5-6). pp. 1011-1019. ISSN 1096 0015

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Sediment characteristics, sediment respiration (oxygen uptake and sulphate reduction) and sediment–water nutrient exchange, in conjunction with water column structure and phytoplankton biomass were measured at five stations across the western Irish Sea front in August 2000. The transition from thermally stratified (surface to bottom temperature difference of 2.3 °C) to isothermal water (14.3 °C) occurred over a distance of 13 km. The influence of the front on phytoplankton biomass was limited to a small region of elevated near surface chlorophyll (2.23 mg m−3; 50% > biomass in mixed waters). The front clearly marked the boundary between depositional sediments (silt/clays) with elevated sediment pigment levels (≈60 mg m−2) on the western side, to pigment impoverished (<5 mg m−2) sand, through to coarse sand and shell fragments on the eastern side. Maximal rates of sedimentary respiration on the western stratified side of the front e.g. oxygen uptake S2 (852 μmol O2 m−2 h−1) and sulphate reduction at S1 (149 μmol SO42− m−2 h−1), coupled to significant efflux of nitrate and silicate at the western stations indicate closer benthic–pelagic coupling in the western Irish Sea. Whether this simply reflects the input of phytodetritus from the overlying water column or entrapment and settlement of pelagic production from other regions of the Irish Sea cannot yet be resolved

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 1096 0015
Uncontrolled Keywords: tidal mixing front; sediment characteristics; oxygen uptake; sulphate reduction
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology > 570 Life sciences; biology
Library of Congress Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Item ID: 1688
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2008 10:25
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2013 10:49

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