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Effects of active, passive or no warm-up on metabolism and performance during high-intensity exercise.

Gray, Susan and Nimmo, Myra (2001) Effects of active, passive or no warm-up on metabolism and performance during high-intensity exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19 (9). 693 - 700. ISSN 0264-0414

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Abstract/Description

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of type of warm-up on metabolism and performance during high-intensity exercise. Eight males performed 30 s of intense exercise at 120% of their maximal power output followed, 1 min later, by a performance cycle to exhaustion, again at 120% of maximal power output. Exercise was preceded by active, passive or no warm-up (control). Muscle temperature, immediately before exercise, was significantly elevated after active and passive warm-ups compared to the control condition (36.9 ±0.18°C, 36.8 ±0.18°C and 33.6 ±0.25°C respectively; mean ± sx ) ( P < 0.05). Total oxygen consumption during the 30 s exercise bout was significantly greater in the active and passive warm-up trials than in the control trial (1017 ±22, 943 ±53 and 838 ±45 ml O 2 respectively). Active warm-up resulted in a blunted blood lactate response during high-intensity exercise compared to the passive and control trials (change = 5.53 ±0.52, 8.09 ±0.57 and 7.90 ±0.38 mmol· l -1 respectively) ( P < 0.05). There was no difference in exercise time to exhaustion between the active, passive and control trials (43.9 ±4.1, 48.3 ±2.7 and 46.9 ±6.2 s respectively) ( P = 0.69). These results indicate that, although the mechanism by which muscle temperature is elevated influences certain metabolic responses during subsequent high-intensity exercise, cycling performance is not significantly affected.

Item Type: Article
Print ISSN: 0264-0414
Electronic ISSN: 1466-447X
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood; Lactate; Cycling; Muscle; Temperature
University Divisions/Research Centres: Faculty of Health, Life & Social Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health > 612 Human physiology
Library of Congress Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Q Science > QP Physiology
Item ID: 1651
Depositing User: RAE Import
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2008 15:59
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2013 16:50
URI: http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/1651

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